1
Harp PM, Hahn BH: Origins of HIV and the AIDS Pandemic. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2011, 1:a006841. 3. Brennan CA, Bodelle P, Coffey R, Devare SG, Golden A, Harris B, Holzmayer V, Luk KC, Schochetman G, Swanson P, Yamaguchi J, Vallari A, Ndembi N, Ngansop C, Makamche F, Mbanya D, Gurtler LG, Zekeng L, Kaptue L, Hackett J Jr: The prevalence of diverse HIV-1 strains was stable in Cameroonian bloo
1
Tential impact of HIV-1 diversity on both vaccine development and the sustainability of antiretroviral therapies, it is particularly important that molecular epidemiological surveillance is continued in HIV diversity hotspots such as Cameroon. In this study we have focused on characterizing the diversity of gag and nef genes of Cameroonian HIV-1 isolates. These genes are?2013 Tongo et al.; license
1
Rolina). Time- and strain- dependent changes in BALF protein, cellularity, chemokines, nuclear transcription factor activity, protein densitometry, and tumor multiplicity/size were analyzed using an analysis of variance (ANOVA). When statistical differences were detected (P
1
Duced CD55 promotes T-cell proliferation and Th1 cytokine expression. In addition to C3 production, APCs cleave C3 leading to autocrine and paracrine C3R signaling. C3R signaling promotes MHC class II expression, IL-12 production and B7 co-stimulatory molecules. Dendritic cells that fail to express C3aR suffer reduced T-cell activation. Anaphylatoxins are well known initiators of inflammation but
1
Llowing SIV Challenges of Vaccinated Rhesus Monkeys. J Virol 2012. Epub ahead of print. 12. Bredell H, Martin DP, Van Harmelen J, Varsani A, Sheppard HW, Donovan R, Gray CM, HIVNET028 Study Team, Williamson C: HIV type 1 subtype C gag and nef diversity in Southern Africa. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2007, 23:477?81. 13. Artenstein AW, Hegerich PA, Beyrer C, Rungruengthanakit K, Michael NL, Natrapan
1
Ologyj.com/content/10/1/Page 2 ofparticularly relevant because they encode highly immunogenic proteins that are frequently included in candidate vaccines [9-11]. We sequenced 50 full length HIV-1 gag and 55 nef genes from 59 HIV-infected blood donors in Cameroon. To obtain a phylogenetic view of Cameroonian HIV diversity that explicitly accounted for the confounding effects of recombination, we pe
1
Ibution of HIV-1 in CameroonSample ID BS01 BS02 BS03 BS04 BS05 BS06 BS09 BS10 BS11 BS12 BS13 BS14 BS16 BS18 BS19 BS20 BS21 BS22 BS23 BS24 BS25 BS26 BS27 BS29 BS30 BS31 BS32 BS35 BS38 BS39 BS40 BS42 BS43 BS44 BS45 BS46 BS47 BS48 BS49 BS50 BS51 BS53 BS54 BS55 gag gene CRF02_AG A-like G G CRF02_AG CRF02_AG CRF02_AG A1 CRF02_AG G CRF02_AG CRF02_AG CRF02_AG NDc CRF02_AG NDc CRF02_AG CRF02_AG CRF02_AG C
1
Kh R, Awazi B, Hewlett I: Increased genetic diversity and intersubtype recombinants of HIV-1 in blood donors from urban Cameroon. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2007, 45:361?63. 6. Ndembi N, Abraha A, Pilch H, Ichimura H, Mbanya D, Kaptue L, Salata R, Arts EJ: Molecular characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV-2 in Yaounde, Cameroon: evidence of major drug resistance mu